MUSIC: Rhythmic tempo, rock STORYLINE: Big Tex Trailers and Ram Truck experts talk through what trailer tongue weight is, how to calculate it, and why this is crucial information to tow safely. SCRIPT: JD: I'm JD Schmid for Big Tex Trailers Brant: and I'm Brant Combs with Ram Trucks. JD: Today we're going to talk about tongue weight and how important it is to understand tongue weight to safely tow. Brant: Tongue weight is simply the amount of weight that the trailer is applying to the back of the truck. With a conventional towing application, you're going to want that to be about 10 percent. With a fifth wheel or gooseneck application it'll be closer to 15 percent. It's important that there's not too little tongue weight or else you could create sway in the trailer. Too much tongue weight and you could negatively affect the tow vehicle dynamics. JD: The first thing you need to know is the total weight to your trailer and cargo. Here we have fourteen thousand pounds of cargo and trailer. Which means we're going to want 10 percent or fourteen hundred pounds of tongue weight. In a fifth wheel application, as Brant mentioned, we want 15 percent on the fifth wheel. So, if we have a ten thousand pound fifth wheel, we're going to want to make sure that we have fifteen hundred pounds of tongue weight. Brant: Make sure that the tongue weight never exceeds the allowable payload of the truck. Also make sure the total weight of the trailer is within the vehicle's tow limits.